这个翻译StrongLoop / IBM提供.

相对于英文版的文档,本文档可能已过时。要了解最近的更新,请参阅英文版文档

数据库集成

要将数据库连接到 Express 应用程序,只需在该应用程序中为数据库装入相应的 Node.js 驱动程序。本文档简要说明如何在 Express 应用程序中为数据库系统添加和使用某些最流行的 Node.js 模块:

这些数据库驱动程序是众多可用数据库驱动程序的一部分。要了解其他选项,请在 npm 站点上搜索。

Cassandra

模块cassandra-driver 安装


$ npm install cassandra-driver

示例


var cassandra = require('cassandra-driver');
var client = new cassandra.Client({ contactPoints: ['localhost']});

client.execute('select key from system.local', function(err, result) {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log(result.rows[0]);
});

CouchDB

模块nano 安装


$ npm install nano

示例


var nano = require('nano')('http://localhost:5984');
nano.db.create('books');
var books = nano.db.use('books');

//Insert a book document in the books database
books.insert({name: 'The Art of war'}, null, function(err, body) {
  if (!err){
    console.log(body);
  }
});

//Get a list of all books
books.list(function(err, body){
  console.log(body.rows);
}

LevelDB

模块levelup 安装


$ npm install level levelup leveldown

示例


var levelup = require('levelup');
var db = levelup('./mydb');

db.put('name', 'LevelUP', function (err) {

  if (err) return console.log('Ooops!', err);
  db.get('name', function (err, value) {
    if (err) return console.log('Ooops!', err);
    console.log('name=' + value)
  });

});

MySQL

模块mysql 安装


$ npm install mysql

示例


var mysql      = require('mysql');
var connection = mysql.createConnection({
  host     : 'localhost',
  user     : 'dbuser',
  password : 's3kreee7'
});

connection.connect();

connection.query('SELECT 1 + 1 AS solution', function(err, rows, fields) {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log('The solution is: ', rows[0].solution);
});

connection.end();

MongoDB

模块mongodb 安装


$ npm install mongodb

示例


var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient;

MongoClient.connect('mongodb://localhost:27017/animals', function(err, db) {
  if (err) {
    throw err;
  }
  db.collection('mammals').find().toArray(function(err, result) {
    if (err) {
      throw err;
    }
    console.log(result);
  });
});

如果您需要 MongoDB 的对象模型驱动程序,请查看 Mongoose

Neo4j

模块apoc 安装


$ npm install apoc

示例


var apoc = require('apoc');

apoc.query('match (n) return n').exec().then(
  function (response) {
    console.log(response);
  },
  function (fail) {
    console.log(fail);
  }
);

PostgreSQL

模块pg 安装


$ npm install pg

示例


var pg = require('pg');
var conString = "postgres://username:password@localhost/database";

pg.connect(conString, function(err, client, done) {

  if (err) {
    return console.error('error fetching client from pool', err);
  }
  client.query('SELECT $1::int AS number', ['1'], function(err, result) {
    done();
    if (err) {
      return console.error('error running query', err);
    }
    console.log(result.rows[0].number);
  });

});

Redis

模块redis 安装


$ npm install redis

示例


var client = require('redis').createClient();

client.on('error', function (err) {
  console.log('Error ' + err);
});

client.set('string key', 'string val', redis.print);
client.hset('hash key', 'hashtest 1', 'some value', redis.print);
client.hset(['hash key', 'hashtest 2', 'some other value'], redis.print);

client.hkeys('hash key', function (err, replies) {

  console.log(replies.length + ' replies:');
  replies.forEach(function (reply, i) {
    console.log('    ' + i + ': ' + reply);
  });

  client.quit();

});

SQLite

模块sqlite3 安装


$ npm install sqlite3

示例


var sqlite3 = require('sqlite3').verbose();
var db = new sqlite3.Database(':memory:');

db.serialize(function() {

  db.run('CREATE TABLE lorem (info TEXT)');
  var stmt = db.prepare('INSERT INTO lorem VALUES (?)');

  for (var i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
    stmt.run('Ipsum ' + i);
  }

  stmt.finalize();

  db.each('SELECT rowid AS id, info FROM lorem', function(err, row) {
    console.log(row.id + ': ' + row.info);
  });
});

db.close();

ElasticSearch

模块elasticsearch 安装


$ npm install elasticsearch

示例


var elasticsearch = require('elasticsearch');
var client = elasticsearch.Client({
  host: 'localhost:9200'
});

client.search({
  index: 'books',
  type: 'book',
  body: {
    query: {
      multi_match: {
        query: 'express js',
        fields: ['title', 'description']
      }
    }
  }
}).then(function(response) {
  var hits = response.hits.hits;
}, function(error) {
  console.trace(error.message);
});